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Attractions of China
China at a Glance:
China
Official name: People's Republic of China (PRC)
Capital: Beijing
Official language: Mandarin (also known as pu tong hua)
Other languages: Yue, Wu, Hakka, Gan, Minbei, Minnan plus many other local dialects

Geography
Size: 3,696,100 square miles (9,596,960 square km)
Climate: Tropical in south to sub-arctic in north
Urban density: 29% of the total population live in the major cities; 71% live in rural China (source: World Almanac)

People
Nationality: Chinese (singular and plural)
Ethnic groups: Han Chinese 91.9%; Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uygur, Yi, Mongolian, Tibetan, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities--8.1%.
Population (1997 est.): 1.22 billion
Population growth rate (1997 est.): 0.93%
Infant mortality rate: 37.9 per 1,000
Life expectancy: 70.0 years (overall); 68.6 years for males, 71.5 years for females.
Religions: Officially atheist; Taoism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity
Literacy rate: 82%
Education: 9 years compulsory
Work force (699 million): Agriculture and forestry (60%), industry and commerce (25%), other (15%)

Government
Led by the Chinese Communist Party, though only 5% of the population are registered as Party members (source: U.S. State Dept.)
People's Republic established on October 1, 1949 (National Day)

Branches:
Executive:President (Hu Jintao), State Council, Premier (Wen Jiabao)
Legislative: National People's Congress
Judicial: Supreme People's Court

Founding of New China:
MASS GATHERING AT PEKING

From our special correspondent
HONGKONG, OCT. 2, 1949

In a brief statement read at a mass rally held yesterday before one of the massive gateways to the Forbidden City in Peking, Mao Tse-tung, who on the previous day has been unanimously elected chairman fo the central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China, formally prochlained the inauguration of the new regime. It was an epoch-making moment in the history of Asia. Though not all of China is yet in the hands of the Communists, there can be no doubt that, for good or for evil, this is now the Government of nearly 500m. people, the largest single homogeneus racial group in the world.

Mao declared: “The people throughout China have been plunged into bitter sufferings and tribulations since the Chiang Kai-shek reactionary Government betrayed the father-land, conspired with imperialists, and launched a counter-revolutionary war. However, out People’s Liberation Army, supported by the people throughout the country, fighting heroically and selflessly to defent the territorial sovereignty of the fatherland, to protect the people’s lives and property, to relive the people of their sufferings, and to struggle for their rights, has eliminated the reactionary troops and overthrown the reactionary rule of the National Government. Now the war of the people’s liberation has been fundamentally won and the majority of the people throughout the country have been liberated.”  
Times of Mao Tse-Tung:
Mao Zedong(simplified Chinese: ë, traditional Chinese :ëɖ|, pinyin: Mo Zdng, Wade-Giles: Mao Tse-tung) (December 26, 1893 C September 9, 1976) was a Chinese revolutionary, political theorist and Communist leader. He led the People's Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theoretical contribution to Marxism-Leninism, military strategies, and his brand of Communist policies are now collectively known as Maoism.  
Looking back over China's Last 30 Years:
China, (CNN) -- China in 1978 was stranded at a political crossroad. It was just emerging from the chaos of the Cultural Revolution and the death of Chairman Mao. Deng Xiaoping had emerged as the new leader, but Mao’s dogma remained deep-rooted and seemingly immutable. In and outside the Communist Party, a debate raged: Where to, China?  
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