Important Events of China
20 Major Events as Having Impact on China's History
The Xinhua News
Agency has listed the following 20 major events as having impact on China's history in the 20th century, after consulting experts and scholars from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
The 20 events are as follows:
- The Eight-Power Allied Forces (aggressive troops sent by
Britain, the United States, Germany, France, Tsarist Russia, Japan,
Italy and Austria in 1900, to suppress the anti-imperialist
Yihetuan Movement) invaded China and forced the Qing court to sign
the International Protocol of 1901 in the ninth lunar month of 1901
with 11 countries, which turned China into a semi-colonial and
- The Revolution of 1911, the Chinese bourgeois democratic
revolution led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen, led to the founding of the
Republic of China on January 1, 1912, and the fall of the Qing
Dynasty on February 12, 1912, ending the 2,000-year-old feudalist
society in China.
- The May 4th Patriotic Movement in 1919, a great anti-
imperialist, anti-feudal revolutionary movement, marked the
beginning of the new democratic revolution in
- The founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC) on July 1,
1921, opened a new chapter in the Chinese
- The Northern Expeditionary War in 1926 dealt a heavy blow to the
reactionary rule of the Northern Warlords and the imperialist
powers in China.
- The Nanchang Uprising, which occurred on August 1, 1927, marked
the beginning of the CPC-led armed revolution against the
- The CPC Central Committee Political Bureau held an enlarged
meeting in Zunyi, southwestern Guizhou Province, from January
15-17, 1935. The meeting elected Mao Zedong a member of the
Political Bureau Standing Committee and established Mao's leading
position in both the Red Army and the Party Central Committee. The
meeting saved the Party, the Red Army and the Chinese Revolution at
a critical juncture.
- The War of Resistance Against Japan (1937-45) was the first time
that China won a complete victory in the fight against foreign
invasion in its modern history.
- The CPC held its Seventh National Congress in 1945, which made
Mao Zedong Thought the guiding theory for the
- The War of Liberation (1945-49) ended the Kuomintang
reactionary rule and the People's Republic of China (PRC) was
founded on October 1, 1949.
- The War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea
- In 1952, the CPC put forward the general line for the country's
transition to socialism and by 1956, China accomplished the
- China exploded its first A-bomb, on October 16, 1964, and its
first H-bomb, on June 17, 1967, and launched its first satellite on
April 24, 1970. These represent an important achievement in New
- The legitimate seat of the People's Republic of China in the
United Nations was restored in 1971.
- The downfall of the "Gang of Four" and the end of the "
Cultural Revolution" in 1976 marked a new development stage for
- The National Conference on Science and Technology was convened
on March 18, 1978, at which Deng Xiaoping highlighted the important
role of science and technology as a productive
- The convening of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh CPC
Central Committee in late 1978 marked the beginning of China's
ongoing reform and opening.
- Deng Xiaoping's inspection tour of south China in early 1992
and the 14th CPC National Congress marked the start of a new stage
of China's reform, opening and modernization drive.
- The return to the motherland of Hong Kong and Macao, in 1997
and 1999, respectively, put an end to the history of humiliation
for China in its modern history and represented a big step forward
toward the country's complete
- The CPC held its 15th National Congress in September 1997, at
which Deng Xiaoping Theory was made the Party's guiding ideology.
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